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What is wrong in this diagram?
As part of a strategy to handle negative risks, a project manager decided to adopt less complex processes,
conduct more tests and choose a more stable supplier. What strategy would this be classified as?
Bill is the project manager of an external project for a customer. The project is expected to take about a year to complete.
Six months into the project, the customer informs Bill that the project needs to be scrapped. During which of the following
processes would procedures be implemented to handle early termination of a project?
During a discussion with the quality department, a project manager was given to understand that both prevention and inspection meant the same as applied to projects.
However, he had a different understanding of the terms. What would you comment on this situation?
Mark is managing an airport construction project. He is currently identifying his project stakeholders and he has already got a
huge list of stakeholders. Managing expectations of each and every project stakeholder is not practical. What should be done in this situation?
While preparing a plan for managing project human resources, a project manager documented
that one of the senior programmers in the team would make decisions on whether the quality of
deliverables from the project met the project’s documented standards. Which of the following aspects does this address?
Who determines the project scope requirements of a new project?
Sally, a project manager was reconciling expenditure of funds with funding limits on
the commitment of funds for the project. She found a large variance between the funding limits
and planned expenditures. As a result, she decided to reschedule work to level out the rate of expenditures. This is known as:
A project manager used the services of a trained moderator during the Collect Requirements process.
Which of the following is likely to have required the services of a trained moderator?
Jessica is managing an office refurbishment project. All of the project stakeholders have been identified and classified.
The stakeholder engagement plan has also been approved. Jessica is managing a project for the first time in her
life and she is relying on the PMBOK Guide as a reference to deliver a great project. Which of the following processes
in the PMBOK Guide provide guidance to Jessica regarding how to execute the approved stakeholder engagement plan?
What is the name of a model that combines grid elements like power, interest, influence,
etc. into a three-dimensional model, for the purpose of stakeholder classification & prioritization?
Which of the following statements accurately describes how completion of project scope and product scope is measured?
Bill and Jake are two team members in a project. They do not get on well, and are constantly involved in verbal fights.
The project manager steps in to resolve the situation. As an experienced project manager, he understands the characteristics
of conflicts and the conflict management process. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of conflicts?
The Identify Risks process involves determining which risks may impact a project.
It is considered an iterative process. What is the frequency of the iteration?
William is managing a high priority project for his organization. The project has recently
lost the support of the key stakeholders. Despite a number of efforts, William has failed
to realign the stakeholders and regain their support. What should he do now?
A project manager manages a distributed team with team members located in five countries.
Due to time-zone differences, he is unable to find a time that is acceptable to all team members
. Which conflict resolution technique is BEST suited for this situation?
Acceptance is a strategy adopted because it is not possible to eliminate all risks from a project.
This strategy indicates that the project management team has decided not to change the project
management plan to deal with a risk. What action does passive acceptance require?
A buyer and a seller fixed up the rates for junior engineers, senior engineers, architects, and other predefined roles.
In what type of a contract would this be applicable?
A project manager is estimating project costs and needs to decide whether the estimates will include
only direct costs, or whether the estimates will also include indirect costs. In which of the following
processes does this decision need to take place?
After conducting a bidder conference, you receive an email from one of the bidders requesting additional information.
The information was neither included in your request for proposal, nor asked by any one during the bidder conference.
You realize that answer to this question is critical to understanding the scope of the project. If not communicated to bidders
, they will not be able to accurately size their teams and estimate the total duration of the project, and may also have a large impact on cost.
However, the answer contains some proprietary information that, if disclosed to a competitor, may reveal the future product strategy of your company.
Such a disclosure could be disastrous for a major product launch you are planning in the next year. So you decide to send the answer to all of the bidders,
but realize that one of the bidders is also working closely with one of your competitors on a similar project. What should you do?
During a project status meeting, a project manager presented sensitive information related to the project.
However, this information was not intended to be available to the audience. Which of the following processes
was incorrectly done resulting in the project manager communicating sensitive information to the wrong audience?
A project manager drew up a resource histogram. On plotting the histogram, he found that some bars
extended beyond the maximum available hours. What does this usually signify?
A project manager is planning out the availability of resources as part of the Acquire Resources process.
He needs to acquire resources that report to a functional manager.
What technique will he likely use to obtain these resources?
Which of the following statements about project teams is NOT correct?
A manufacturing project has a schedule performance index (SPI) of 0.89 and a cost performance
index (CPI) of 0.91. Generally, what is the BEST explanation for why this occurred?
Sheila has been assigned as the project manager of a project. After a detailed discussion with the project management
team, she decides to come up with a quality management plan that is informal and broadly framed.
What would your comment on this be?
A project manager was involved in preparation of the project charter for an external project.
Inputs to development of project charter includes all of the following EXCEPT:
A project manager is determining dependencies that will require a lead or a lag to accurately define the logical relationship.
Which of the following correctly describes leads or lags?
Which of the following scenarios is likely to occur in a project?
A project manager is updating her project team over the new project management approach selected for the project.
This new approach is the industry best practice. The project manager is also discussing the potential stakeholder impact of trying the new approach.
The key stakeholders support and involvement is very crucial for the success of the project.
If the key stakeholders don’t buy-in the idea of trying the new approach, the new approach will have to be dropped.
What must the project manager do in order to reduce the probability of this risk?
A project manager estimated that a project would require 4375 person hours of effort.
The project ended up using 6250 person hours of effort.
The difference between these two figures is called a:
Projects can deliver products that vary in quality and grade. Which of the following people
is responsible for managing the tradeoffs involved to deliver the required level of quality and grade?
A project manager is considering a risk in a project. When does risk come into play in a project?
The scope of work in a project could not be clearly defined. There was also a strong possibility that the scope
would be altered during the course of the project. Which type of contract would suit this type of situation?
You are managing a project with a large multi-national staff. One of the engineers was originally
tasked to deliver her part of the work on Oct 19, but due to the change in the critical path, her
deliverable will be needed 2 days sooner. However, as the new deadline is still 2 weeks away and
she is ahead of schedule, you are confident that her delivery will be on time.
During a staff meeting, you learn from her functional manager that this engineer celebrates a religious
holiday on Oct 17. He tells you that the engineer is not particularly religious, however, and if pushed a bit
and offered some incentive she may forego celebrating this holiday and come to work. What should you do?
Jackie is the project manager of a large project. During the Determine Budget process,
she identifies that contingency reserves need to be made for unplanned but potentially required
changes that could result from realized risks identified in the risk register. Which of the following is true about reserves?
The legal nature of the contractual relationship between a buyer and a seller requires that appropriate legal counsel be
involved in the project, for specific activities. Which of the following processes requires legal counsel to be involved?
A project manager is looking at a make-or-buy analysis as part of the Plan Procurement Management process.
What type of costs should the project manager consider for this analysis?
Which of the following is NOT an input to the Conduct Procurements process?
During the execution of a project, a large number of defects were discovered. The project
manager ensured that the issues, defect resolution and action item results were logged into a
defects database. What would the defect database be considered a part of?
The WBS can be created in a number of forms EXCEPT which of the following?
A project manager is currently ensuring that the stakeholders clearly understand the project
goals, objectives, benefits and risks. This relates to which of the following processes?
Which of the following may NOT be considered an attribute of a project?
Which of the following structures is helpful in tracking project costs and can be aligned
with the organization’s accounting system?
A first-time project manager is advised by an experienced project manager that he needs to plan for cost of quality.
The first-time project manager is not sure of what costs are included in the cost of quality.
What would your advice be?
Miranda is an experienced project manager. As part of the Collect Requirements process,
she decides to use a group creativity technique. This technique is expected to enhance brainstorming with
a voting process, and can be used to rank the most useful ideas for further brainstorming or prioritization.
Which of the following will she likely use?
In which of the following situations would it be better to avoid using Analogous Estimating?
A group of people were discussing multiple alternatives during the Collect Requirements process.
One of the individuals in the group made the decision for the group.
This method of reaching a group decision would be termed as:
Which of the following processes will determine the correctness of deliverables?
All of the monitoring and control processes and many of the executing processes produce change
requests as an output. Change requests include corrective actions and preventive actions.
Which of the following are normally affected by corrective and preventive actions?
The customer wants to expand the product scope after the performance measurement
baseline has been established. Which document will the customer need to submit?
As part of the Estimate Costs process, a project manager obtained access to certain commercially
available databases to get resource cost rates information. What type of input is such
published commercial information considered as?
A project needed to monitor the technical performance of the project and capture data
related to how many errors or defects had been identified, and how many remained uncorrected.
Which of the following techniques should the project use?
Which of the following is NOT an example of parametric estimating?
Nancy’s project has got a huge number of key positive and negative stakeholders.
It is very important to closely manage the influential negative stakeholders to ensure
project’s success. Do the key positive stakeholders need to be managed as well?
Which of the following is NOT an example of a work performance report?
A project charter that formally authorized a project was created. The project charter documented
the initial requirements to satisfy stakeholders’ needs and expectations.
How often should the project charter ideally be revised?
“The amount of time an activity may be delayed without delaying the earliest dates of its successor activities” is called:
Which of the following is NOT among the information included in the project charter?
Nancy’s project is in execution. Nancy is currently planning to execute the Manage
Stakeholder Engagement process. She has gathered the stakeholder engagement plan,
the recent change log, and the necessary organizational process assets.
Which of the following is a key input to this process that is still missing from this list?
A project manager needed to shorten a project schedule. He decided to apply
crashing, a schedule compression technique. Which of the following activities
would NOT be an example of crashing?
A project can be authorized by any of the following EXCEPT:
The project is mostly complete. The project has a schedule variance of 300 and a cost variance of -900.
All but one of the quality control inspections have been completed and all have met the quality requirements.
All items in the issue log have been resolved. Many of the resources have been released.
The sponsor is about to call a meeting to obtain product validation when the customer notifies the project
manager that they want to make a major change to the scope. The project manager should:
A first-time project manager created a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) where the
deliverables had different levels of decomposition. What would your comment on this be?
Stanley’s project is in execution. Stanley has a monthly stakeholder update meeting set up where he presents the
project’s progress and current issues to the key stakeholders. During the last stakeholder update meeting,
the stakeholders requested Stanley to provide bi-weekly project updates instead of monthly updates.
The communication management plan has been broadly framed and it doesn’t restrict Stanley from
doing bi-weekly updates. What should Stanley do?
During a meeting with some of the project stakeholders, the project manager is
asked to add work to the project scope. The project manager had access to
correspondence about the project before the project charter was signed and
remembers that the project sponsor specifically denied funding for the scope
mentioned by these stakeholders. The BEST thing for the project manager to do is to:
Sensitivity analysis helps to determine which risks have the most potential impact on the project.
A project manager prepared a display chart of sensitivity analysis for his project. The diagram
contained a series of bars with the length of the bars corresponding to the risk impact on the project.
The longer a bar, the greater was the risk presented. Such a diagram is likely to be:
Which of the following is neither an input nor an output of the Direct and Manage Project Work process?
As part of the Plan Risk Management process, a project manager is looking at the activity of preparing
a risk management plan. Which of the following is true about risks?
Risk response owners can potentially have conflict with risk auditors because risk auditors:
A seller organization was executing work for a project under a contract. During the course
of the project, a number of disputes arose over the scope and quality of work. Which of the
following is the preferred method of resolving these claims?
Which of the following is NOT correct regarding bidder conferences?
The Actual Cost (AC) is the total cost actually incurred and recorded in accomplishing
work performed for an activity or work breakdown structure component. What is the upper limit for the AC?
You are the project manager of a project executing work under a contract signed with a buyer organization.
Just after the project has started, you notice that the buyer organization had made a mistake in the financial
terms and your organization stands to benefit considerably through this oversight. What should your stance be?
As a project manager, which one of the following will you undertake in the Monitoring and
Controlling process of your project?
Why are the approved change requests input to the Direct and Manage Project Work process?
Sheila is a project manager managing a global project. She has stakeholders located in various
parts of the globe. Due to the nature of the project, she also has large volumes of information that
needs to be shared with the recipients. What type of communication method should she prefer for this purpose?
Dan is a project manager in an organization and conducts a workshop on project
management. Which of the following statements made by him about projects is NOT correct?
Rick, a project manager, is updating the status of his project. Based on the performance indices,
he expects the project to finish a month earlier than the planned finish date. However, he expects
the project to exceed the budgeted costs. What can you say about the schedule performance index (SPI) of the project?
A project team is currently performing the Monitor Stakeholder Engagement process to reassess
the project stakeholders’ current engagement levels and review the current stakeholder management strategy.
Which of the following is an output of this process?
Variance Analysis is an important tool used in the Control Costs Process. Which of the following
statements regarding variances is correct?
As part of risk planning, some responses are designed for use only if certain events occur.
A project manager of a multi-year project decided to trigger one such set of responses
during the Monitor Risks process. Which of the following is likely to have triggered the responses?
Stakeholder mapping is an important technique in the Identify Stakeholders process.
Which of the following is NOT a valid model used for this purpose?
A key project in an organization has been ignored due to high travel expenses associated
with the movement of subject matter experts and other specialists across various project
locations. Which of the following will permit such a project to be taken up in a cost-efficient manner?
Your company took over the management of a project from another company that went out of business.
To minimize disruptions related to the transition, your company hired a number of the employees from the other company.
One of these employees has delivered a 300-page document a week ahead of schedule.
However, while walking past his desk you notice he has a document opened on his computer
with the logo of his former employer. You suspect that some of his work may have been taken
from documentation that is the property of the other company. What do you do?
A project manager is performing a set of processes in the Initiating Process Group.
Which of the following is likely to be part of the Initiating Process Group?
During the course of the project, the project management team developed a forecast for
the estimate at completion (EAC) based on the project performance.
Which of the following statements about EAC is correct?
A project manager is confused about the perspective of the buyer-seller
relationship in the context of project procurement management. How would you clarify this?
It was found that there were a large number of hidden requirements to be uncovered
in the Collect Requirements process. Which of the following tools should a project manager use to identify them?
Stakeholder identification is a continuous process. Which of the following
statements about stakeholders is NOT correct?
Which of the following is NOT an enterprise environmental factor influencing
the Develop Project Management Plan process?
A project manager in a seller organization discovered that certain deliverables had been
handed over to the buyer without undergoing proper testing. Recalling the deliverables
will result in a cost overrun to the project. What should the project manager do in such a case?
Matt is the project manager of a project that involves a buyer-seller relationship. The
“source selection criteria” is an input to which of the following processes?
A project manager is estimating the project duration and finds that the only information
available to him is a previous project that was quite different from the current one.
However, some portions of the previous project were similar to the current one.
Which of the following tools is the project manager likely to use?
During the Conduct Procurements process, the procuring organization found that there
were significant differences in the pricing by different sellers. What is the BEST course of action in such a scenario?
A first-time project manager was of the opinion that all training activities need to be planned.
He discussed this with an experienced project manager, and understood that some training
was necessarily unplanned. Which of the following correctly lists examples of sources of unplanned training?
A project manager used a control chart to determine whether a process was stable or not,
and to determine if its performance was predictable. He determined the upper and lower
specification limits based on the contractual requirements. A set of 18 data points were taken.
Of these, 8 consecutive data points were above the mean. What can you say about such a process?
While analyzing the risks in a project, a project manager came up with a Risk Urgency Assessment document.
In which process would this be done?
A project manager is looking at various classification methods to share information
among project stakeholders. Which of the following correctly classifies the different methods used?
Which of the following roles is more likely to lead negotiations on procurements
during the Conduct Procurements process?